By Deborah Hopkins, February 13, 2019
Here’s a quick update from today’s business meeting for the Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, which held a scheduled vote on the nominees to the Merit Systems Protection Board (MSPB). I was there, and I am still saying “wow.”
Last night, the Senate was informed that Andrew Maunz, the nominee for Vice Chairman, had withdrawn his nomination for unspecified reasons. This morning, the committee, which is made up of 8 Republicans and 6 Democrats, considered the remaining nominees: Dennis Dean Kirk (R) for Chairman, and Julia Akins Clark (D) for Member. When Committee Chairman Ron Johnson (R – WI) opened the floor for discussion, the only person to speak was Sen. Rand Paul (R – KY).
And boy, did Sen. Paul have a lot to say. He voiced the opinion that the MSPB is failing as an agency, saying that it has become a job protector for federal employees instead of a protector of the merit system. Citing facts from a couple of unnamed cases, he claimed that the MSPB thinks child pornographers and VA leadership who allow veterans to die in the hallways belong as federal employees. He said this type of behavior from employees would never be tolerated in the private sector, and if the government can’t fire people for such egregious acts, then the MSPB should cease to exist and Congress should go back to the drawing board to create an oversight agency that actually works.
Here’s the problem: Sen. Paul (along with countless others) doesn’t understand the system. He didn’t give citations for the cases he mentioned, but I believe I know the cases to which he was referring. And in those cases, the MSPB didn’t put employees back to work because they necessarily wanted to; the MSPB was following the law. In the child pornography case, the agency failed to establish a nexus (a connection) between the employee’s off-duty conduct and his government job. The law requires a nexus to exist. (By the way, come to MSPB Law Week and we will show you how to find nexus in a case like that; the agency did not, but it was most likely doable.) The MSPB never said, “Child pornographers are good people and should be working for every federal agency.” The MSPB found that the agency failed to establish nexus, and nexus is required by law.
Regarding the VA cases Sen. Paul mentioned, I believe those cases dealt with senior leadership who were removed, and the Board members (who are no longer there) mitigated the penalties based on Board leadership’s at-the-time view on comparator employees, which has since been walked back in pieces.
Can someone please tell Sen. Paul – and the rest of America – that the system works IF the agency handles the case correctly? Citing the few cases where terrible employees got their jobs back because of procedural defects, while ignoring the 7,000+ removals that stuck in the last FY, does a disservice to the country. I had a hard time sitting still while he was speaking. I wanted to jump up and tell him that he had it all wrong, but I didn’t think it would be a wise move to get kicked out of a Senate Committee meeting.
I digress (for now).
On to the nominees. Both Kirk and Clark were voted out of committee. Everyone on the committee, Rebublicans and Democrats, voted “yes” to send them to the full Senate for a vote, except for Senator Paul.
But – don’t get your hopes up on a quorum just yet. After the “ayes” had it, Chairman Johnson said it’s typical that all nominees get voted on together in the full Senate, so now Kirk and Clark will be waiting for a third nominee to be named and voted out of committee before they can be confirmed.
Hold up just a minute, Mr. Chairman. The MSPB members intentionally have staggered terms and to my knowledge, in the 40-plus years since the Civil Service Reform Act created the current MSPB, we have NEVER had all three nominees confirmed together (except, maybe the very first time members were appointed). Occasionally two go together, yes – but not three.
Whether this is intentional or a misunderstanding about how this part of the system works, I don’t know. But are you ready for the real heartbreak?
If Kirk and Clark were to get confirmed by the full Senate before a third nominee is named, they could vote on dozens or (if they put in some really long hours) even hundreds of the 2,000 Petitions for Review (PFRs) Acting Chairman Mark Robbins has voted on, before his term expires on February 28.
But this is not going to happen. So, all of Mr. Robbins’ work on the PFRs since January 8, 2017, will go to waste, as the Committee chose NOT to vote on an amendment that would have allowed for the holdover term for a sitting Board Member to be extended beyond the one year currently permitted under 5 USC § 1202.
To recap: Robbins’ term expires February 28. Nominees Kirk and Clark won’t be confirmed until the full Senate votes. And the full senate won’t vote until a third nominee is named and the committee votes that person to the Senate floor as well. And we don’t have a third nominee yet. For what it’s worth, Chairman Johnson said he is working with the White House to come up with a nominee soon.
Also heard on the Hill this morning: As long as there’s not a shutdown this weekend, the Senate will be in recess next week. So, push the timeline for the vote back until the final week of February, at the very soonest, only if there’s a third person nominated and voted out of committee before then. If all that doesn’t happen before March 1, the Board may have to shut down entirely until the Senate votes on the nominees.
While this may be considered slight progress, it’s not the kind of progress the civil service needs. We’ll keep you posted on what happens next. Hopkins@FELTG.com